Different Types of Blood Pressure
Blood Pressure Definition:
Blood pressure is usually expressed with the systolic pressure written above the diastolic pressure as follows-
Blood pressure (BP) = 120/80mmHg (Systole/Diastole).
Different Types of Blood Pressure:
- Systolic blood pressure,
- Diastolic blood pressure,
- Pulse pressure,
- Mean arterial blood pressure.
All the above blood pressure types have discussed in the following:
It is the maximum pressure by the blood on the arterial wall during the systole of the heart.
Normal systolic pressure: 120mmHg (Range: 110-140mmHg).
It is the minimum pressure exerted on the arterial wall during the diastole of the heart.
Normal diastolic pressure: 80mmHg (Range: 60-80mmHg).
3. Pulse Pressure:
It is the difference between systolic pressure and diastolic pressure.
Normal pulse pressure: 40mmHg (Range: 30-40mmHg).
This type of blood pressure is the average pressure existing in the arteries. Mean arterial blood pressure is the diastolic pressure plus one-third of pulse pressure.
Normal mean pressure: 93mmHg (80+13=93)
Hormones Involved in Regulation of Blood Pressure:
Those hormones which regulate blood pressure have listed in the following:
- Vasopressin (ADH),
- A vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP),
- The atrial natriuretic peptide,
- Brain natriuretic peptide,
- C-type natriuretic peptide.
There are some key importance’s of blood pressure which are pointed out in the below:
- Blood pressure is essential for the flow of blood through blood vessels.
- This type of blood pressure provides the motive force for filtration at the capillary bed which is necessary for-
- Tissue nutrition,
- Formation of lymph,
- Formation of urine,
- Venous return.
- What is meant by blood pressure?
- What is the definition of blood pressure?
- What is normal blood pressure?
- Define the term “Blood Pressure”.
- Mention the names of hormones that regulate blood pressure.
- Name the different types of blood pressure with their normal values.
- What are the types of blood pressure?
- Mention the classification of blood pressure.